anogeissus pendula leaves rajasthan

Anogeissus Pendula – The Resident Tree Of Aravalis

Anogeissus Pendula is a small tree or shrub that is found in abundance in the Aravali hills around Jaipur. It is a hardy tree that can survive even in the extreme conditions which explain its presence across Aravali hills in Rajasthan. The common names of the Anogeissus Pendula tree are Dhok, Dhauk, Kardhai, Dhonk, Dhau, and Dhoy in Hindi. It is commonly called Dhok tree in North India. It is also called by the name of Button Tree.

Anogeissus Pendula tree in hills
Anogeissus Pendula tree in winters

Anogeissus Pendula Uses

The tree is significant as it provides timber; it is one of the hardest wood available in this geographical region. Its leaves are used as fodder. The unique feature of this tree is that it can grow on the rocky surface with ease which means it is one of its kind of trees. Being hardy, it can survive in the toughest conditions.

hathni-kund-jaipur-trekking-route-lined-with-anogeissus pendula-tree

While traditional medicine like Ayurveda recognizes many of its medicinal properties, modern medicine hasn’t utilized it completely. We are yet to do extensive studies on this tree. The science has not completely harnassed its potential as far as Dhok tree is concerned. The tribal and rural folks have been using Anogeissus Pendula for many medicinal uses for ailments like dysentery or for its anti-oxidant properties.

anogeissus pendula tree in Jaipur forest rajasthan

This tree is rated as one of the top hardwood around. And for this reason, Dhok tree is used as wooden handle in tools like spade, axe, hammer and many other agricultural implements & tools. In winters, usually in January, the leaves turn red-brown. After a point, the tree sheds the leaves. The leaves are an excellent bio-mass. The tree can be used to regenerate the degraded land.

anogeissus Pendula in rajasthan is called dhok tree
The reddish-brown tint of Anogeissus Pendula in winters


Anogeissus Pendula tree or Button tree fruit and leaves

It is also found in parts of Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, and Haryana. It is more of a shrub than a tree because it doesn’t grow tall. Its bark is grey-white in color. While hiking across Aravali, I noticed that this tree is being cut by the locals as a source of fuel.

I’m not sure if the forest department is doing further plantation of this tree species in hills. Instead of planting invasive trees like Israeli Babool, there is a need to plant more of local tree species like Dhok tree that adapt very well to the harsh climatic conditions of Rajasthan, especially in Aravali belt. The ill-effects of Israeli Babool and Eucalyptus have long been established.

anogeissus pendula leaves rajasthan
Anogeissus Pendula leaves

Why is Anogeissus Pendula Or Dhok Trees the most common tree in Aravali Hill range?

The reason Anogeissus Pendula Or Dhok Tree thrives in Aravali hills is it can survive on a rocky surface with little soil and water. This is one of the few trees that can adapt very well to the steep slopes common in Aravali Hills. It typically grows in clusters and hence finding a solitary Dhok tree is less likely. Over here are few pictures of the Dhok tree from the Aravali hills. This tree can be easily spotted on the slopes rather than top of hills.

view from charan Jaipur temple


Jhalana hills famous for the Jhalana leopard safari is dotted with a good number of Aanogeissus Pendula trees. Ranthambore National Wildlife Park in Rajasthan also has a large number of Dhok trees. Similarly, even in Sariska Forest Reserve Dhok tree constitute close to 80-90% of its forest cover.


Here is a beautiful picture of Dhok tree with tree magpies in Ranthambore.


If you have not seen the picture of Anogeissus Pendula tree’s leaf, here it is.


I keep writing about some of my hiking trips in Jaipur where I get to see this tree in abundance. Check out this beautiful forest lined with many Anogeissus Pendula trees in Hike along Dhok tree trail


I hope that we all do something to ensure its survival.

Check out other stories in the Trees of Jaipur.

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