(Posted in response to the Weekly Photo Challenge – Frame!)
Pol or पोल (in Hindi ) refers to a specific type of entrance gate that is part of the outer perimeter of any premises. One of the distinguishing feature of any Pol is the presence of large wooden gate with a smaller gate framed into it for a greater control on the ingress. The wall should be high as well as broad enough to allow installation of such a gate. In earlier times such Pol were heavily guarded and controlled as these were the only entry and exit points of the city. They formed part of the primary defence of any city or settlement.
These Pols were not unique to Jaipur rather they were common across Rajasthan and rest of India. And why India?..they were present even in places like Morocco. What was unique then? The architectural style. Each city or region had its own architectural style. Even in Jaipur, one can find variations in architectural style among such gates depending on the year in which they were built. By the way, most of the havelis in Jaipur also had smaller version of these Pol.
Posted here are pictures of various types of Pol and gates in Jaipur.
New Gate built in 1940’s is synonymous with colour and architecture of Jaipur
Exit gate of City Palace, Jaipur.
Pol of Charan Mandir (temple) near Nahargarh Fort, Jaipur.
Pol at Diggi Palace during Jaipur Literature Festival.
Another picture of the same Pol from the other side in a different setting.
For a change here are two pictures of Pol in black & white.
Pol at Samode Palace in the village of Samod, near Jaipur.
Below picture was framed in Amer town, near Jaipur.
These are not the most popular gates of Jaipur. I will write a separate post on 7 popular gates of Jaipur pretty soon.