Jaipur was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 AD. His name was Bijay Singh and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was instrumental in changing his name to Sawai Jai Singh II.
Why Jaipur was called Sawai Jaipur and meaning of Sawai
Maharajah Sawai Jai Singh II was one of the most prominent kings among the Kacchawa Rajput dynasty. He was an able ruler with great foresight. Jai Singh II was given the honor of “Sawai” by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb at an age of 11 years for his sharp mind. Sawai means quarter in measurement. So a person with a title Sawai means he has a quality which is equal to a quarter over one. Even though the Sawai title was conferred upon Jai Singh II, but his heirs continued this legacy! This is a reason why rulers of Jaipur used the title Sawai. Jaipur was also referred as Sawai Jaipur like Sawai Madhopur, famed for the Tigers of Ranthambore National Park.
Maharajah Sawai Jai Singh II was a great patron of astronomy, science, and mathematics. He founded astronomical observatory, Jantar Mantar at five Indian cities out of which one in Jaipur is well maintained.
His love for architecture is well-known. Being a devout Hindu and a savior of Hinduism he invited distinguished Brahmins from all over the country and allotted them land for settling down in Jaipur. He extended many privileges to this community and all this is well-documented. Historians claim that he was one of its kind, given his intellect & achievements.
Statue Circle, built-in 1940s is dedicated to this great ruler. Here are a few more pictures.
Made out of sandstone and marble, this memorial recognizes the contribution of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in making Jaipur a great city.
It’s a popular place hang out place in Jaipur. The kiosks near Statue Circle serve hot & cold coffee which is popular among the residents; people commonly refer it as Statue Circle coffee.