Jaipur was founded by Maharajah Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 AD. His name was Bijay Singh and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was instrumental in changing his name to Sawai Jai Singh II.
Maharajah Sawai Jai Singh II was one of the most prominent kings among the Kacchawa Rajput dynasty. He was an able ruler with great foresight. Jai Singh II was given the honor of “Sawai” by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb at an age of 11 years for his sharp mind. Sawai means quarter in measurement. So a person with a title Sawai means he has a quality which is equal to a quarter over one. Even though the Sawai title was conferred upon Jai Singh II, but his heirs continued this legacy! This is a reason why rulers of Jaipur used the title Sawai. Jaipur was also referred as Sawai Jaipur like Sawai Madhopur, famed for the Tigers of Ranthambore National Park.
Maharajah Sawai Jai Singh II was a great patron of astronomy, science, and mathematics. He founded astronomical observatory, Jantar Mantar at five Indian cities out of which one in Jaipur is well maintained.
His love for architecture is well-known. Being a devout Hindu and a savior of Hinduism he invited distinguished Brahmins from all over the country and allotted them land for settling down in Jaipur. He extended many privileges to this community and all this is well-documented. Historians claim that he was one of its kind, given his intellect & achievements.
Statute circle, built-in 1940s is dedicated to this great ruler. Here are a few more pictures.
Made out of sandstone and marble, this statute recognizes the contributions made by Maharajah Sawai Jai Singh II, Jaipur and Jantar Mantar.
It’s a popular place for people to hang out and protest against the government and authorities. Vendors selling hot & cold coffee in the vicinity attract Jaipur residents, throughout the year.
Statue circle has become default address for all kind of protests in Jaipur- be it political parties, workers or students.