Kanak Vrindavan Temple & Garden- Part 1/ Natwar ji Temple

Kanak Vrindavan is a beautiful temple and garden complex situated in Kanak Ghati close to the Amer Fort in Jaipur. Temples at Kanak Vrindavan are dedicated to Lord Krishna.

kanak vrindavan gardens jaipur amer road radha madhav temple old govind devji
Kanak Vrindavan Jaipur, as seen from distance.

History of Kanak Vrindavan Temple, Jaipur

Temples at Kanak Vrindavan date back to 1713 AD when Maharajah Jai Singh II, founder of Jaipur ordered construction of a new temple for establishing deity of Lord Govind Dev ji which was moved from Govind Devji Temple in Vridavana in 1669 AD after Mughal emperor Aurangzeb issued orders to destroy Hindu temples across India. Vrindavana is the birth place of Lord Krishna, also famed for ISKON/ Hare Krishna movement.

(If you have never heard about Auranzeb & Mughals, you can scroll below for details & information)

This movement of deities from Vrindavana to Amer/ Jaipur was precautionary as the Kachhava rulers of Jaipur were devout followers of Lord Govind Dev ji. In part, it was also to save Hindu religion from a Muslim fanatic Aurangzeb.

From 1669 Ad to 1713 AD the deity did not have any permanent place as it kept moving from one place to another. The Kachhava rulers ruled from Amber; Jaipur was not yet founded. A permanent place was required to establish Govind Devji deity. Kanak Vrindavan was located on the outer edge of Amber town with Mansagar lake right next to it, making it a picturesque place. Maharajah Jai Singh II found this place most suitable for construction of temple for it resembled beautiful Vrindavana, where this deity was originally located with lots of Kadambh trees all around.

Check out Part 2: Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur Part II/ Radha Madhav Temple

This view shows how the entire area looks with Jal Mahal in far distance in center of  Mansagar Lake and Kanak Vrindavan temple cluster surrounded by greenery all around. Was Maharajah Jai Singh II enamoured with this sight?

A final round of shifting of Lord Govind Dev ji’ s idol took place from Kanak Vrindavan to Jai Niwas garden,near City Palace around 1716 AD. This place later came to be known as Govind Dev ji temple. It is from here on that relationship of Lord Govind Devji with Kachhava rulers changed to the one of  family deity.

After moving Lord Govind Devji to new temple premises at Jai Niwas in Jaipur, the Kanak Vrindavan complex fell into oversight, neglect and disrepair. It was renovated by Hindustan Charitable Trust, few years ago.

Kanak Vrindavan complex consists of two temples. One of these temples, Natwar ji temple is supposedly built-in 1707 AD by Maharajah Jai Singh II ‘s sister – Amar kanwar. The other temple – Radha Madhav temple is where Lord Govind Dev ji deity was established before moving it to Govind Devji temple in Jaipur.

This post focuses on Natwar ji Temple at Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur

Natwar ji Temple at Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur. The gate with a flight of steps is old & original entrance to the temple;it’s  not used anymore and remains locked for the public.

Natwar ji Temple at Kanak Vrindavan in monochrome.

Monochrome picture of Natwar Ji temple.  Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur
The sign board. Natwar ji temple, Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur

The temple is managed by Govind Devji temple trust.

Natwar ji temple, follows popular architecture of Jaipur. Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur
New stairs used to access sanctum in temple. Natwar ji temple, Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur



The sanctum of Natwar ji Temple is beautiful and displays similar workmanship as sheesh Mahal in Amer Palace. Of course, all this has been restored as the place was in shambles for more than a century. Everything has been  restored beautifully as per the prevalent restoration practices and this effort needs to be appreciated.

Inside sanctum, idol of Lord Krishna. Natwar ji temple, Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur

There is a prohibition on photography in the temple complex. I could only photograph places where this rule is not followed & relaxation is extended. Very limited information is available about history of these temples.

The temple follows Haveli style construction which is a signature style of heritage temples in Jaipur. Certainly, these temples are masterpieces with beautiful architecture which is devoid of ostentatious elements. They have a regal manner without going overboard; sort of understated elegance. You must visit Kanak Vrindavan for its beautiful environs and lovely architecture. This is much more than merely a  temple!!!

Check out Part 2 in this series: Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur Part II/ Radha Madhav Temple

Who was Mughal emperor Auranzeb?

Auranzeb was the third son of Mughal emporer Shah Jahan who ruled over a vast Indian subcontinent. Shah Jahan built famous Taj Mahal, a UNESCO world heritage site in Agra. Aurangzeb is ill famed in Indian history as he imprisoned his father Shah Jahan; executed his brothers in a struggle for the throne. He was a muslim fanatic who after ascending to power in 1659 AD started a systematic program to destroy all popular Hindu temples and deities from 1666 AD on-wards across India. Auranzeb was a self-proclaimed defendant of Islam imposing the rule of sharia. He imposed Jizya, a tax on non muslims & was a cruel ruler, hated by the masses for his policies which led to the downfall of Mughal rule in India. Mughals were muslims originating from central Asia who invaded India, ruling over a period reigning from 1526 AD to 1707 AD, after which their rule weakened.

Click here to check out other Heritage Temples of Jaipur

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Beautiful chhatris at Natwar ji temple, Kanak Vrindavan, Jaipur!




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56 thoughts on “Kanak Vrindavan Temple & Garden- Part 1/ Natwar ji Temple

    1. Surbhi…I always find it difficult to “write well”. Transferring thoughts to the words has always been quite tough for me. As for photography, there are quite many things which I need to upgrade on…software being one of them. While everyone uses LR and PS, I still belong to old world – I don’t have either of these! Thank you for your kind comment Surbhi! 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

    1. It’s not surprising Sukanya. Given many options among tourist sites and paucity of time, it never features among top places to see in Jaipur. Probably its a blessing in disguise. 🙂


      1. These old architectural structures mesmerizes me beyond words. They are made with such patience! Every nook and corner of them are given attention to. Just like you, I too can sit and admire each aspect of them one by one for hours. Or entire structure as a whole and the visual treat it gives.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Mana, in my opinion, the architectural heights achieved by our predecessors is had to replicate. each region had it’s own hallmark style. Looking at current architectural pattern and style, it seems we are merely aping west. we have nothing of our own…looks like the epitome of art and architecture was achieved long back and it’s heading nowhere now! 😦

        Liked by 1 person

      3. “The epitome of art and architecture was achieved long back”, I completely agree with this! Even if we’d copy our own architecture rather than aping west as you say, our building would be more weather friendly!

        For instance the building I am sitting in right now. It is an institute and is built by a very famous architect, who has been student of another famous french architect. Architects from all over the world come to see it, but hardly anyone knows how unsuitable it is for the purpose it is built and how suffocating it is for us to sit and work.

        Liked by 1 person

      4. It’s a problem we all are facing -cut copy paste! If it’s a glass building that’s in trend now, everyone wants that. Not realising that it might suit cold and overcast weather, sunny weather out here doesn’t require it. Local sensibilities have been thrown out! Well it’s a multinational mafia who needs to profit, architects are it’s instruments! Even in west, old architecture is forgotten. it’s a sin to even think about it. Unfortunately, we are made to believe that everything new is good.


    1. Hi! These temples are not empty, it’s a pre-decided style of my photography. You’ll find people also in temple, you can check out Govind Devji temple posted in response to weekly photo challenge. It depends on what I’m focusing on. Do you prefer pictures of temple with people?


      1. Frankly I find pictures with people more meaningful but that’s my personal choice. Our temples have a life of their own not seen in any other place of worship – noisy ,colourful,irreverent even , sometimes with monkeys or stray dogs hanging around . ….

        Liked by 1 person

      2. Sure! You have a point here which I will agree with. My perspective here is different as I focus on it’s history and architecture. there were post like Govind dev ji temple and ramchandra temple where you’ll see lots of devotees. I usually visit temples when it’s less crowded. Another thing is that I write about many heritage temples which are not very popular but they have rich history. So there are various factors. But you will see devotees in some of the future posts. Thanks for writing your views, gives me a fresh perspective. 🙂


    1. Somali, as per old vastu shastra there can be many layouts for temples, Haveli style architecture and layout is the most common one among the heritage temples of Jaipur commissioned by the royalty. 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for reading and appreciating. There are many such places which are beyond standard tourist circuit, all it needs is interest and time to explore. Let me know whenever you are in town, will help you plan and visit. 🙂


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